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30 March 1972 - 28 January 1973
30 Mar 72
The Eastertide Offensive begins as 200,000 NVA soldiers under General Vo Nguyen Giap attack to split South Vietnam in half by capturing Quang Tri, Kontum and An Loc. North Vietnam's Communist leaders hope a victory will cause Richard Nixon's defeat at the presidential election.
30 Mar 72
NVA Eastertide attack on Quang Tri begins.
   
2 Apr 72
In response to the Eastertide Offensive, President Nixon authorizes the U.S. 7th Fleet to target NVA troops massed around the Demilitarized Zone with air strikes and naval gunfire.
4 Apr 72
In a further response to Eastertide, President Nixon authorizes a massive bombing campaign targeting all NVA troops invading South Vietnam along with B-52 air strikes against North Vietnam. "The bastards have never been bombed like they're going to bombed this time," Nixon privately declares.
4 Apr 72
2 More A.R.V.N. Bases Fall    
4 Apr 72
Berrigan Guilty of One Count; Jury Sent Back    
5 Apr 72
Recalls 2 Carriers - U.S. Readies Air Armada
7 Apr 72
Berrigan, Nun Convicted; Deadlocked Jury Frees 5
10 Apr 72
Heavy B-52 bombardments ranging 145 miles into North Vietnam begin.
12 Apr 72
NVA Eastertide attack on Kontum begins in Central Highlands, with objective of cutting South Vietnam in two.
12 Apr 72
B52s Hit Vinh Area    
12 Apr 72
U.S. 'Insurance' Force Readied    
12 Apr 72
Another Mafia Figure Gunned Down    
12 Apr 72
Red Sappers Hit Viet Ammo Area
15 Apr 72
April 15, 1972 - Hanoi and Haiphong harbor are bombed by the U.S.
15-20 Apr 72
Protests against the bombings erupt in America.
   
18 Apr 72
Bomb Hanoi Area - Damage Is Heavy Near Capital, Port
18 Apr 72
Apollo Off And Right on    
18 Apr 72
Both Sides Claim An Loc    
19 Apr 72
NVA Eastertide attack on An Loc begins.
   
27 Apr 72
Paris peace talks resume.
   
28 Apr 72
Pullout to Continue - Nixon: Won't Halt Bombing
28 Apr 72
More F4's Headed For S.E. Asia
28 Apr 72
Red Drive Slowed in Viet Highlands
30 Apr 72
U.S. troop levels drop to 69,000.
   
1 May 72
South Vietnamese abandon Quang Tri City to the NVA.
   
3 May 72
Abandoned to N. Viets - Quang Tri Falls
3 May 72
350,000 Refugees on Move
4 May 72

In response to the NVA Eastertide Offensive, the U.S. and South Vietnam suspend participation in the Paris peace talks indefinitely. U.S. sends 125 additional U.S. warplanes Vietnam.

8 May 72
Due to the ongoing NVA Eastertide Offensive, the U.S. mines North Vietnam's harbors and intensifies bombing of roads, bridges, and oil facilities in Operation Linebacker I. The announcement brings international condemnation of the U.S. and ignites more anti-war protests in America.
8 May 72
South Vietnamese pilots accidently drop napalm on South Vietnamese civilians, including children. Filmed footage and a still photo of a badly burned nude girl fleeing the destruction of her hamlet becomes yet another enduring image of the war.
9 May 72
Operation Linebacker I commences with U.S. jets laying mines in Haiphong harbor.
10 May 72
President Orders Red Ports Mined
10 May 72
Navy Planes Raid Camp Near Hanoi
10 May 72
New Dispute Seen - Wage Panel Cuts Dockers' Raise
12 May 72
Gun Down 7 M.I.G.S
12 May 72
Shots May Have Hit Russian Ship
15 May 72
USARV (U.S. Army Vietnam) headquarters is decommissioned.
16 May 72
Era Ends: Okinawa Given Back
17 May 72
According to U.S. reports, Operation Linebacker I damages North Vietnam's ability to supply NVA troops engaged in the Eastertide Offensive.
22-30 May 72
President Nixon meets with Leonid Brezhnev inthe Soviet Union to establish better diplomatic relations with the Communist nation. Nixon's visit causes great concern in Hanoi that their Soviet ally might be inclined to agree to an unfavorable settlement of the war to improve Soviet relations with the U.S.
25 May 72
Six Red Bridges, Power Plant Hit
30 May 72
NVA attack on Kontum is thwarted by South Vietnamese troops, aided by massive U.S. air strikes.
1 Jun 72
Hanoi admits Operation Linebacker I is causing severe disruptions.
7 Jun 72
Deserter's Info Defeat N. Viets
9 Jun 72
Senior U.S. military advisor John Paul Vann is killed in a helicopter crash near Pleiku. He had been assisting South Vietnamese troops in the defense of Kontum.
14 Jun 72
Unauthorized Raids on N. Viet - Lavelle: Tried to Stop Buildup
14 Jun 72
6-3 Decision By Top Court - Private Clubs Free to Bar Black Guests
17 Jun 72
June 17, 1972 - Five burglars are arrested inside the Watergate building in Washington while attempting to plant hidden microphones in the Democratic National Committee offices. Subsequent investigations will reveal they have ties to the Nixon White House.
28 Jun 72
South Vietnamese troops begin a counter-offensive to retake Quang Tri Province, aided by U.S. Navy gunfire and B-52 bombardments.
30 Jun 72
Only Draftee Volunteers to Viet - Nixon Slows Pullout
30 Jun 72
General Frederick C. Weyand replaces Gen. Abrams as MACV commander in Vietnam.
30 Jun 72
Weyand Is Top Viet Commander
30 Jun 72
Viets Battle to Retake Quang Tri
11 Jul 72

July 11, 1972 - NVA attack on An Loc is thwarted by South Vietnamese troops aided by B-52 air strikes.

13 Jul 72
Paris peace talks resume.
14 Jul 72
The Democrats choose Senator George McGovern of South Dakota as their presidential nominee. McGovern, an outspoken critic of the war, advocates "immediate and complete withdrawal."
18 Jul 72
During a visit to Hanoi, actress Jane Fonda broadcasts anti-war messages via Hanoi Radio.
19 Jul 72
South Vietnamese troops begin a major counter-offensive against NVA in Binh Dinh Province.
1 Aug 72
Henry Kissinger meets again with Le Duc Tho in Paris.
12 Aug 72
House Rejects Move For Viet Pullout Oct. 1
17 Aug 72
House Rejects Move For Viet Pullout Oct. 1
17 Aug 72
Fischer Ekes Out A Draw
17 Aug 72
Jane's Films Shot Down
23 Aug 72
The last U.S. combat troops depart Vietnam.
16 Sep 72
Quang Tri City is recaptured by South Vietnamese troops.
29 Sep 72
Heavy U.S. air raids against airfields in North Vietnam destroy 10 percent of their air force.
30 Sep 72
Mobbed By Relatives in N.Y.C. - 3 P.O.W.'S Back in Full Uniform
8 Oct 72
The stalemate between Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho finally ends as both sides agree to major concessions. The U.S. will allow North Vietnamese troops already in South Vietnam to remain there, while North Vietnam drops its demand for the removal of South Vietnam's President Thieu and the dissolution of his government. Although Kissinger's staff members privately express concerns over allowing NVA troops to remain in the South, Kissinger rebuffs them, saying, "I want to end this war before the election."
15 Oct 72
Thieu Calls Urgent Talks - Viet Cease-Fire Rumors Fly
15 Oct 72
33 Hurt in Racial Clash Aboard Carrier Kitty Hawk
22 Oct 72
Kissinger visits President Thieu to discuss the peace proposal. An emotional Thieu adamantly opposes allowing North Vietnamese troops to remain indefinitely in South Vietnam. An angry Kissinger reports Thieu's reaction to President Nixon, who then threatens Thieu with a total cut-off of all American aid. But Thieu does not back down. Kissinger then returns to Washington.
22 Oct 72
Operation Linebacker I ends. U.S. warplanes dropped over 125,000 tons of bombs during 40,0000 sorties to disrupt the North Vietnam Eastertide Offensive. The North suffered an estimated 100,000 military casualties and lost half its tanks and artillery. General Vo Nguyen Giap was quietly ousted in favor of his deputy Gen. Van Tien Dung. 40,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died stopping the offensive in the heaviest fighting of the entire war.
24 Oct 72
President Thieu publicly denounces Kissinger's peace proposal.
26 Oct 72
Radio Hanoi reveals terms of the peace proposal and accuses the U.S. of attempting to sabotage the settlement. At the White House, now a week before the presidential election, Henry Kissinger holds a press briefing and declares "We believe that peace is at hand. We believe that an agreement is in sight."
28 Oct 72
Peace at Hand' - Matter of Weeks: Kissinger
28 Oct 72
Shipping Strike on W. Coast
7 Nov 72
Richard M. Nixon wins the presidential election in the biggest landslide to date in U.S. history.
14 Nov 72
President Nixon sends a letter to President Thieu secretly pledging "to take swift and severe retaliatory action" if North Vietnam violates the proposed peace treaty.
24 Nov 72
Crew of 6 Rescued - First B52 Shot Down
30 Nov 72
American troop withdrawal from Vietnam is completed, although there are still 16,000 Army advisors and administrators remaining to assist South Vietnam's military forces.
13 Dec 72
At the Paris peace talks, Kissinger presents a list of 69 changes demanded by President Thieu to Le Duc Tho and the talks collapse.
13 Dec 72
President Nixon issues an ultimatum to North Vietnam to negotiations within 72 hours. Hanoi does not respond, so Nixon orders Operation Linebacker II, eleven days and nights of maximum force bombing against military targets in Hanoi by B-52 bombers.
18 Dec 72
Operation Linebacker II (the "Christman bombings") begins. The bombing is denounced by many American politicians, the media, and various world leaders including the Pope.
26 Dec 72
North Vietnam agrees to resume peace negotiations within five days of the end of bombing.
29 Dec 72
Operation Linebacker II ends the most intensive bombing campaign of the entire war with over 100,000 bombs dropped on Hanoi and Haiphong. Fifteen of the 121 B-52s participating were shot down by the North Vietnamese who fired 1,200 SAMs. Hanoi propaganda reports 1,318 civilian deaths.
1 Jan 73
Nixon Halts Bomb; Hanoi to Negotiate
1 Jan 73
Everglades - 93 of 177 Survive Crash
8 Jan 73
Kissinger and Le Duc Tho resume negotiations in Paris.
9 Jan 73
Kissinger and Le Duc Tho resolve remaining differences. President Thieu, threatened again by Nixon with al cut-off of American aid, unwillingly accepts the peace agreement which allows North Vietnamese troops to remain in South Vietnam and calls it "tantamount to surrender".
23 Jan 73
President Nixon announces that an agreement has been reached which will "end the war and bring peace with honor."
26 Jan 73
U.S. Bares Blueprints For 'Peace That Heals'
26 Jan 73
Trade Set at Saturday Signing - U.S., Hanoi to Swap P.O.W. Lists
26 Jan 73
Army Freezes Orders; No More G.I.s to Vietnam
27 Jan 73

The Paris Peace Accords are signed. Under the terms, the U.S. agrees to immediately halt all military activities and withdraw all remaining military personnel within 60 days. The North Vietnamese agree to an immediate cease-fire and the release of all American POWs within 60 days. An estimated 150,000 North Vietnamese soldiers presently in South Vietnam are allowed to remain. Vietnam is still divided. South Vietnam is considered to be one country with two governments, one led by President Thieu, the other led by Viet Cong, pending future reconciliation.

27 Jan 73
Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces the end of the draft.
27 Jan 73
LTC William B. Nolde becomes the last American soldier to die in combat in Vietnam.
27 Jan 73
Battles Before Cease-Fire - G.I. Killed As Reds Shell Base
29 Jan 73
It's All Over - Thieu Sends Thanks to America
29 Jan 73
Peace Brings End to Draft 5 Months Early
29 Jan 73
Truce Hour Arrives, Attacks Raging
30 Jan 73
War Goes on Despite Pact - U.S. Begins Vietnam Pullout
30 Jan 73
Hanoi Names 55 P.O.W.'S; No Word on 1,347 Missing
14 Feb 73
It's Robbie, All Right' - Emotional Return of A Hero
14 Feb 73
Colonel Phones Nixon: The Men Say Thanks
31 Mar 73
Torture! - P.O.W.'S Reveal Horrible Suffering in Prisons; Say Some Murdered
31 Mar 73
G.I. s Say So Long, Vietnam
 
 
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